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Introduction: An increasing number of women and couples need oocyte donation to help achieve pregnancy. Several studies have found a correlation between the use of oocyte donation and adverse obstetrical outcomes such as gestational hypertension and preeclampsia. A possible additive risk in using double donation (oocyte and sperm donation) compared to the use solely of oocyte donation has been suggested but only sparsely investigated. The aim of this study is to investigate the differences in obstetric and neonatal outcomes after double donation compared to oocyte donation.
Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of 197 women, who achieved pregnancy after oocyte donation between 2015 and 2022. The primary outcomes investigated were gestational hypertension and preeclampsia. Secondary outcomes were early pregnancy loss, HELLP (Hemolysis, Elevated Liver enzymes, and Low Platelets) syndrome, fetal growth restriction, and gestational diabetes mellitus.
Results: No significant differences between the use of oocyte and double donation were observed, when looking at the risk of developing gestational hypertension (AOR = 1.02, 95%CI = [0.33;3.15], P = 0.97) or preeclampsia (AOR = 2.4, 95%CI = [0.68;8.41], P = 0.17). We observed no significant differences between the two groups regarding any of the secondary outcomes.
Conclusion: This study did not find an increased risk of obstetrical or neonatal complications such as preeclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, or fetal growth restriction after double donation compared to oocyte donation.
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